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+1 (800) 383-3157


Monday – Friday
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20695 S. Western Ave, Suite 241
Torrance, CA 90501


About Us

Baum Shipping (aka ETC International Freight System) is an elite-level, specialized freight forwarder based in Southern California.

No shipment is too specialized for our team of detail-obsessed professionals.

Our employees’ knowledge and dedication are of paramount importance in the services that we render, which focus on 100% customer satisfaction.

“We pay attention & make your experience painless, so you come back again & again. No shipment is left unturned. We make it right before we go home. We do not take our clients or tasks at hand for granted. This explains our 39 years (and two generations) of sustained excellence.”

– Reid Malinbaum, Founder

Shipping big or small

What it is to be a premium freight forwarder? A laser focused mindset on details & a human psychology to relate closely to traders or manufacturers. We are not the Walmart of freight forwarding, no sir, no thanks. Customers stay with us because it makes sense to them & we see to it with personal engagement and dedication.


  • IATA # 01-1-9957/013 – Licensed Since 1984
  • Transportation Security Administration (TSA) Certified
  • Offering air & ocean consolidation services for imports and exports


  • Industrial freight services
  • Commercial Shipping
  • Oversized, bulk, and flat-rack shipments
  • Chartering
  • Corporate relocations
  • International moving services
  • Warehousing and Distribution
  • Insurance, Packing & Crating


  • Federal Maritime Commission (FMC # 3230N/F) licensed Since 1988
  • Non-Vessel Operational Common Carrier (NVOCC) bonded
  • Offering import/export consolidation services & exclusive container loads with the steam lines to world destinations


  • Professional liability insurance
  • E&O
  • Bailees
  • Cargo insurance


  • Licensed in-house customs broker
  • 1-stop shop (door to door service) USA or overseas (not available in all countries) customs clearance & door delivery
  • Customs documents reviewed in advance to prevent costly delays
  • Streamline entire process and prevent separate firms from dealing with each other

Freight Forwarding: Glossary of Terms

20’ ocean container unit (TEU) Standard 20’ container: Measuring capacity for a vessel.

3PL: A 3rd party outsourced logistic company (warehousing & distribution)

40’ ocean container (FEU): Standard or High Cube container: Measuring capacity for a vessel

Alliance: airlines or steam lines coordinating each other’s schedules and selling capacity

Break-bulk cargo: Each piece is handled by the terminal handler

Bulk Cargo: vehicles, tank, grain moved by bulk-ship types

Carrier: A transportation provider (truckers, railroad, airline, steam line)

Common Carrier: Transportation providers

Consignee: A person or a company receiving the freight (the receiver)

Consolidation services: NVOCC re-group shipments into a warehouse from various shippers, load a full container load, ship to a destination port to their agent known as the break-bulk agent that will segregate each shipment readying it for its final destination (refer to your shipping terms)

Container leasing: supplied by the carriers to shippers for the duration of the voyage

Cost of freight (C & F) or Cost of Freight + Insurance (CIF): Freight charges payable by shipper & up to the destination port / airport only. (Always refer to Baum Shipping disclosure / information sheet)

Cross-dock: A terminal receiving (inbound), storing & exporting (outbound)

Customhouse broker: A clearing house through Customs for importers

Detention / Demurrage: Assessed by the carriers to the shipper / consignee for keeping a shipment longer than the authorized time.

Diversion / Re-consignment: Change of consignee name on the bill of lading while the freight is in transit (cost associated with it)

Door to Door: Transportation services from the origin / destination curb sides (duty paid or unpaid to be defined). The originator of the request (shipper or the consignee) is responsible to pay all charges. (Always refer to Baum Shipping disclosure / information sheet)

Drayage: Local trucking

Dunnage: Materials inside a container used to secure (IE# bracing & blocking a vehicle)

Free on Board (FOB): ex-factory charges up to the origin port / airport are for the shipper’s account. Consignees are responsible once delivered to the port / airport of origin all the way to their site.

Freight bill of lading: A legal shipping document between a shipper and a carrier for the transportation of freight (reflect all parties involved and shipping terms of sales)

Freight forwarder: A booking agent on behalf of the shippers handles the export declaration to the USA Customs and other logistical freight services

Freight Forwarding Glossary of Terms

Freight weight measures: Short ton (American) 2000 lbs. Long ton (English) 2240 lbs. Metric ton (1000 kg. 2.2046 lbs.)

Full container Load (FCL): exclusive use of 1×20’ or 1×40’ ocean containers

Full Truck Load (FTL): using the whole trailer (53’)

Interline Shipment: When more than one carrier is used during transportation to move a container from the destination port to a door location (e.g. Hong Kong to Chicago via Long Beach)

Less Than a Container Load (LCL): Consolidated shipments into a full container load Intermodal: Ocean containers transferred onto a truck chassis or railroad for final or depot delivery

Less Than A Truck Load (LTL): Consolidating a shipment with others into a truck.

Line-haul: Trucking from depot to airlines warehouses

Liner shipping: regular sailing schedules between specified ports

Lo-Lo: lift on & lift off for conventional container cargo ships. Cranes are used on the quay to load /unload.

Long-haul: Long distance from terminal to terminal

Loss or damage cargo: While in transit in a carrier’s possession will fall under the terms & conditions of the carriers’ liability coverage, as shown on their terms & conditions. If insurance coverage is purchased through Baum Shipping & a claim is filed timely with the carriers with supporting documents, the insurer will handle the insurance refund.

Non Vessel Operating Common Carrier: Wholesaler of space. Buy from carriers’ yearly space in bulk.

Ocean conference: cartel of vessels sharing trade points with set rates

Pallet or Skid: a 48” x 42” heat treated (HT stamped for export) wooden platform on studs

Reefer: Refrigerated ocean container

Ro-Ro: roll on, roll off. A method by which the cargo is wheeled on & off a Ro-Ro ship

Slot: Location of a container on a ship

Stock-keeping unit (SKU): A line-item of inventory that is a different type or size of good.

Terminal / Deport: Where cargo is shipped, or picked-up from.

Tramp shipping: irregular sailing schedules (IE# Bulk ship)

Baum Shipping (aka ETC International Freight System) Terms, Conditions, & License Numbers

Baum Shipping (aka ETC International Freight System), a licensed / bonded international freight forwarder and serves as the booking agent on behalf of their customers. All shipments are carried under the terms and conditions set forth by the carrier (steamship line, airline, or trucking company).

If no insurance is purchased for the cargo being shipped, the shippers’ recourses for losses can be made to the steam lines or the airlines, while holding Baum Shipping harmless for their role in booking their shipments. Delays in the delivery of shipments do not constitute a claim, as referred by our US Congress in the ratified Shipping Act of 1993.

When the customer elects not to obtain cargo insurance, any claims are subject to the limitations of liability established by the underwriter issuing liability coverage to the carrier. For more information related to liability coverage, please see below:

IATA Conditions of Contract

Ocean Freight Terms and Conditions

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General Terms of Sale (INCOTERMS)


The buyer is responsible for all transport charges. You still are the shipper of record and are responsible for providing shipping documents.

FOB named port: (Free Onboard) example – FOB port of NY/NJ

The seller is responsible for getting the shipment placed onto the ocean vessel at the port that is named. Typical charges are transport to the port, port fees, loading fees and export customs charges. You are still the shipper of record and are responsible for providing shipping documents. This term is only used for ocean shipments.

CIF named port: (Cost, Insurance & Freight) example – CIF port of Liverpool

The seller is responsible for all transport charges to the destination port and is responsible for insuring the product to the destination port. Typical charges are transport to the airport or seaport, port fees, loading fee, export customs charges, ocean line charges, insurance, and freight forwarder fees. You are the shipper of record and are responsible for providing shipping documents.

DDU: (Delivered Duty Unpaid):

The seller is responsible for all transportation charges to the final destination address (door to door) and for the customs broker’s service fees but is not responsible for customs duty and taxes. Typical charges include inland transport to the airport or seaport, port fees, loading fees, freight forwarder fees, export customs charges, destination port fees, customs brokerage fees, inland delivery charges. Basically, all charges except the customs duty and taxes (VAT).

DDP: (Delivered Duty Paid)

The seller is responsible for all charges from Door to Door including customs duty and taxes (VAT). Note that duty and taxes can be 20-40 % of the initial cost of the goods. This is very risky as you are responsible for any problems encountered even though you may have no control over them as in changing country requirements.


International Requirements

Wood Packaging:

Most countries require that all wood bracing and pallets (skids) be certified as being made of a hard wood, fumigated or processed wood such as plywood. Certified wood pallets / crates must be stamped & acceptable per ISPM15 standard (

Commercial Invoices:

They must have all normal items including a statement identifying the country of origin and each item must show the customs tariff code number also called the Schedule B export code. This is used by all countries to determine the correct duty rate.

Baum Shipping is a licensed freight forwarder, NVOCC bonded & a California Corporation since 1984. Whether, you seek air or ocean freight & to our broad customer base, we offer warehousing, distribution, packing, crating, trucking, customhouse brokerage & inland delivery/pickup services. For more information or pricing through the web, please visit us at

FMC: 3230N/F – IATA# 01-1-9957/013) Rated AA from the Better Business Bureau. Since 1984


Tell us a little about your project, we’ll respond same day (Monday – Friday, 7:00 am – 5:30 pm).

Contact Us

20695 South Western Ave, Suite 241
Torrance, CA 90501
(800) 383-3157
Office Hours
Monday – Friday, 7:00 am – 5:30 pm

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